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Monique Bernier


Regular member

Centre Eau-Terre-Environnement, INRS-ETE

Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS-ETE) 490, rue de la Couronne
Quebec, Canada
G1K 9A9





Research Themes

  • Carbon dynamics in boreal peatlands.
  • Development of remote sensing applications to evaluate water resources, particularly for snow.
  • High water levels in peatlands of the La Grande Complex, James Bay region.

Recent CEN theses

Dufour-Beauséjour, Sophie , 2020 (Doctorate).

Monitoring of sea ice by radar satellite imagery, automatic photography and direct measurements of fjords of Salluit, Deception Bay and Kangiqsujuaq in Nunavik


Scientific communications

El Oufir, M., Chokmani, K., El Alem, A., Bernier, M., 2022. Using ensemble-based systems with near-infrared hyperspectral data to estimate seasonal snowpack density. Remote Sensing, 14(5), 1089. DOI: 10.3390/rs14051089 .

Bhiry, N., Bernier, M., Lecomte, N., Fortier, R., Woollett, J., 2021. The Centre d’études nordiques (CEN): challenges and perspectives of research on nordicity in partnership with Indigenous communities. Écoscience, 28(3-4): 199-215. DOI: 10.1080/11956860.2021.1987738.

Dufour-Beauséjour, S., Bernier, M., Simon, J., Homayouni, S., Gilbert, V., Gauthier, Y., Tuniq, J., Wendleder, A., Roth, A., 2021. Tenuous correlation between snow depth or sea ice thickness and C- or X-band backscattering in Nunavik Fjords of the Hudson Strait. Remote Sensing, 13(4 - Special Issue: Remote Sensing of Sea Ice and Icebergs), 768. DOI: 10.3390/rs13040768.

El Oufir, M., Chokmani, K., El Alem, A., Agili, H., Bernier, M., 2021. Seasonal snowpack classification based on physical properties using near-infrared proximal hyperspectral data. Sensors, 21(16), 5259. DOI: 10.3390/s21165259.

El Oufir, M., Chokmani, K., El Alem, A., Bernier, M., 2021. Estimating snowpack density from near-infrared spectral reflectance using a hybrid model. Remote Sensing, 13(20), 4089. DOI: 10.3390/rs13204089.

Salgado, H., Zabala, S.M., Romay, C., Bernier, M., Jacome, A., Chokmani, K., 2021. Surface soil moisture estimation with X band SAR data / Estimación de la humedad superficial del suelo mediante datos SAR en banda X. Meteorologica, 46(1), e001. DOI: 10.24215/1850468Xe001.

Touati, C., Ratsimbazafy, T., Poulin, J., Bernier, M., Homayouni, S., Ludwig, R., 2021. Landscape freeze/thaw mapping from active and passive microwave earth observations over the Tursujuq National Park, Quebec, Canada. Écoscience, 28(3-4): 421-433. DOI: 10.1080/11956860.2021.1969790.

Dufour-Beauséjour, S., Wendleder, A., Gauthier, Y., Bernier, M., Poulin, J., Gilbert, V., Tuniq, J., Rouleau, A., Roth, A., 2020. Combining TerraSAR-X and time-lapse photography for seasonal sea ice monitoring: the case of Deception Bay, Nunavik. The Cryosphere, 14(5): 1595–1609. DOI: 10.5194/tc-14-1595-2020.

Wang, L., Marzahn, P., Bernier, M., Ludwig, R., 2020. Sentinel-1 InSAR measurements of deformation over discontinuous permafrost terrain, Northern Quebec, Canada. Remote Sensing of Environment, 248, 111965. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2020.111965.

Gignac, C., Bernier, M., Chokmani, K., 2019. IcePAC – a probabilistic tool to study sea ice spatio-temporal dynamics: application to the Hudson Bay area. The Cryosphere, 13(2): 451-468. DOI: 10.5194/tc-13-451-2019.

Sena, N.Y.G., Chokmani, K., Gloaguen, E., Bernier, M., 2019. Critical analysis of the snow survey network according to the spatial variability of snow water equivalent (SWE) on eastern mainland Canada. Hydrology, 6(2), 55. DOI: 10.3390/hydrology6020055.

Touati, C., Ratsimbazafy, T., Ludwig, R., Bernier, M., 2019. New approaches for removing the effect of water damping on SMAP freeze/thaw mapping. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 45(3-4): 405-422. DOI: 10.1080/07038992.2019.1638236.

Blangy, S., Bernier, M., Bhiry, N., Dedieu, J.-P., Aenishaenslin, C., Bastian, S., Chanteloup, L., Coxam, V., Decaulne, A., Gérin-Lajoie, J., Gibout, S., Haillot, D., Hébert-Houle, É., Herrmann, T.M., Joliet, F., Lamalice, A., Lévesque, E., Ravel, A., Rousse, D., 2018. OHMi-Nunavik: a multi-thematic and cross-cultural research program studying the cumulative effects of climate and socio-economic changes on Inuit communities. Écoscience, 25(4: Cumulative effects of climate and socio-economic changes on Inuit communities in Nunavik): 311-324. DOI: 10.1080/11956860.2018.1542783.

Lemay, M.-A., Provencher-Nolet, L., Bernier, M., Lévesque, E., Boudreau, S., 2018. Spatially explicit modeling and prediction of shrub cover increase near Umiujaq, Nunavik. Ecological Monographs, 88(3): 385-407. DOI: 10.1002/ecm.1296.

Plourde, P., Bergeron, M., Giugni, L., Bernier, M., 2018. Editorial note - Special issue on the “Earth Observation (EO) Summit 2017”. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 44(3: 2017 Earth Observation Summit Special Issue): 177-178. DOI: 10.1080/07038992.2018.1522115.

Wang, L., Jolivel, M., Marzahn, P., Bernier, M., Ludwig, R., 2018. Thermokarst pond dynamics in subarctic environment monitoring with radar remote sensing. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 29(4): 231-245. DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1986.

Wang, L., Marzahn, P., Bernier, M., Ludwig, R., 2018. Mapping permafrost landscape features using object-based image classification of multi-temporal SAR images. ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 141, 10-29. DOI: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2018.03.026.

De Munck, S., Gauthier, Y., Bernier, M., Chokmani, K., Légaré, S., 2017. River predisposition to ice jams: a simplified geospatial model. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 17(7): 1033-1045. DOI: 10.5194/nhess-17-1033-2017.

Gignac, C., Bernier, M., Chokmani, K., Poulin, J., 2017. IceMap250 - automatic 250 m sea ice extent mapping using MODIS data. Remote Sensing, 9(1): Art. no. 70. DOI: 10.3390/rs9010070.

Sena, N.Y.G., Chokmani, K., Gloaguen, E., Bernier, M., 2017. Analyse multi-échelles de la variabilité spatiale de l’équivalent en eau de la neige (EEN) sur le territoire de l’Est du Canada. Hydrological Sciences - Journal - des Sciences Hydrologiques, 62(3): 359-377. DOI: 10.1080/02626667.2015.1022552.

Tanguy, M., Chokmani, K., Bernier, M., Poulin, J., Raymond, S., 2017. River flood mapping in urban areas combining Radarsat-2 data and flood return period data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 198: 442-459. DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.06.042.

Wang, L., Marzahn, P., Bernier, M., Jacome, A., Poulin, J., Ludwig, R., 2017. Comparison of TerraSAR-X and ALOS PALSAR differential interferometry with multisource DEMs for monitoring ground displacement in a discontinuous permafrost region. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, PP(99). DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2707337.

Bernier, M., Duguay, Y., Dedieu, J.-P., 2016. Snow characterization using radar imaging. Pages 139-182 in Baghdadi, N., Zribi, M. (Editors). Land Surface Remote Sensing in Continental Hydrology. ISTE Press - Elsevier. DOI: 10.1016/B978-1-78548-104-8.50005-X.

Duguay, Y., Bernier, M., Lévesque, E., Domine, F., 2016. Land cover classification in sub-Arctic regions using fully polarimetric RADARSAT-2 data. Remote Sensing, 8(9): 697. DOI: 10.3390/rs8090697 .

Filion, R., Bernier, M., Paniconi, C., Chokmani, K., Melis, M., Soddu, A., Talazac, M., Lafortune,.-X., 2016. Remote sensing for mapping soil moisture and drainage potential in semi-arid regions: Applications to the Campidano plain of Sardinia, Italy. Science of the Total Environment, 543(Part B): 862-876. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.07.068.

Hoang, K.H., Bernier, M., Duchesne, S., Tran, Y.M., 2016. Rice mapping using RADARSAT-2 Dual- and Quad-Pol data in a complex land-use watershed: Cau River Basin (Vietna. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, 9(7): 3082-3096. DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2016.2586102.

Kouame, K.A., Oulare, S., Adon, G.C.-R., Kouame, K.F., Kouassi, A.M., Bernier, M., 2016. Un modèle hydrologique distribué pour la simulation des écoulements des eaux du bassin versant du Bandama en Côte d’Ivoire, Afrique de l’Ouest. Afrique Science, 12(1).

Los, H., Osinska-Skotak, K., Pluto-Kossakowska, J., Bernier, M., Gauthier, Y., Jasek, M., Roth, A., 2016. Comparison of C-band and X-band polarimetric SAR data for river ice classification on the Peace River. Volume XLI-B7: 543-548. DOI: 10.5194/isprsarchives-XLI-B7-543-2016 .

Beck, I., Ludwig, R., Bernier, M., Lévesque, E., Boike, J., 2015. Assessing permafrost degradation and land cover changes (1986–2009) using remote sensing data over Umiujaq, sub-Arctic Québec. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 26(2): 129-141. DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1839.

Duguay, C.R., Bernier, M., Gauthier, Y., Kouraev, A., 2015. Remote sensing of lake and river ice. Pages 273-306 in Tedesco, M. (Editor). Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere. Wiley-Blackwell. United Kingdom.

Duguay, Y., Bernier, M., Lévesque, E., Tremblay, B., 2015. Potential of C and X Band SAR for shrub growth monitoring in sub-Arctic environments. Remote Sensing, 7(7): 9410-9430. DOI: 10.3390/rs70709410.

Provencher-Nolet, L., Bernier, M., Lévesque, E., 2015. Quantification des changements récents à l’écotone forêt-toundra à partir de l’analyse numérique de photographies aériennes. Écoscience, 21(3-4): 419-433. DOI: 10.2980/21(3-4)-3715.

Ratsimbazafy, T., Bernier, M., 2015. Wind direction ambiguity removal using RADARSAT-2 Polarimetric SAR images. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing, 41(4): 249-261. DOI: 10.1080/07038992.2015.1070092.

Tardif, S., St-Hilaire, A., Roy, R., Bernier, M., Payette, S., 2015. Water budget analysis of small forested boreal watersheds: comparison of Sphagnum bog, patterned fen and lake dominated downstream areas in the La Grande River region, Québec. Hydrology Research, 46(1): 106. DOI: 10.2166/nh.2014.219.

Mermoz, S., Allain, S., Bernier, M., Pottier, E., Van der Sanden, J., Chokmani, K., 2014. Retrieval of river ice thickness from C-Band PolSAR data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, PP(6): 3052-3062. DOI: 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2269014.

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