A dendroecological approach is based on the principle that trees record past ecological events. Reconstruction techniques vary and include the analysis of the age structure of tree and shrub populations, of growth forms, of annual wood growth and morphological anomalies, in addition to anatomy and physical properties of annual rings. The originality of the laboratory work is expressed by the multidisciplinary study topics, which range from reconstruction of paleoclimates, tree line dynamics, analysis of geomorphological processes (landslides, river flooding, dune movements), to analysis of plant-herbivore relationships (migration of caribou populations and defoliating insect outbreaks).
The laboratory includes workshops for preparing wood samples for analysis (cutting and sanding). Several types of analyses can be conducted using the equipment in the lab:
The laboratory has constructed several reference series (ring width and wood density) for different regions of Quebec (one series in the St. Lawrence Valley provides dates for archaeological wood from different periods in history) as well as a chronology of diagnostic rings (pale and frost rings) in subarctic Quebec. These series allow the reconstruction past events by dating dead trees. Events include fires, insect outbreaks, glacial activity, water level fluctuations, landslides, permafrost degradation, etc.
The laboratory has developed the Excel OpenRWL add-in. It opens and converts RWL files directly in Microsoft Excel. It has the same purpose as YUX found in the ITRDBLIB DPL Library. It opens two types of RWL files depending on the "end of sample" marker you use (-9999, or 999).
Contact : Ann Delwaide
2405 rue de la Terrasse
Phone : (418) 656-2131 ext. 406937