A dendroecological approach is based on the principle that trees record past ecological events. Reconstruction techniques vary and include the analysis of the age structure of tree and shrub populations, of growth forms, of annual wood growth and morphological anomalies, in addition to anatomy and physical properties of annual rings. The originality of the laboratory work is expressed by the multidisciplinary study topics, which range from reconstruction of paleoclimates, tree line dynamics, analysis of geomorphological processes (landslides, river flooding, dune movements), to analysis of plant-herbivore relationships (migration of caribou populations and defoliating insect outbreaks).
The laboratory includes workshops for preparing wood samples for analysis (cutting and sanding). Several types of analysis can be conducted using the equipment in the lab:
- Recognition of diagnostic rings and measurement of ring widths (binocular microscopes and micrometers)
- Measurement of wood density (Dendrocut two-bladed saw, Soxhlet extractor, Balteau x-ray machine in an air-conditioned darkroom, and Walesch Electronics Dendro 2003 densitometer)
- Measurement of anatomic structures (microtome and microscope fitted with an image analysis system)
- Wood and charcoal identification (optical microscope and scanning electron microscope)
The laboratory has constructed several reference series (ring width and wood density) for different regions of Quebec (one series in the St. Lawrence Valley provides dates for archaeological wood from different periods in history) as well as a chronology of diagnostic rings (pale and frost rings) in subarctic Quebec. These series permit the dating of dead trees in order to reconstruct past events such as fires, insect outbreaks, glacial activity, water level fluctuations, landslides, permafrost degradation, etc.
Contact : Ann Delwaide
2405 rue de la Terrasse
Phone : (418) 656-2131 ext. 6937