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Martin Simard


Regular member

Department of geography, Université Laval

Abitibi-Price Building
2405 rue de la Terrasse
Université Laval
Quebec, Canada
G1V 0A6

418 656.2131 extension 8400



I am a professor in the Department of Geography at Laval University and my main field of research is landscape ecology. I am interested in forest dynamics and natural disturbances in boreal and subalpine forests. I obtained my undergraduate and masters degrees from Laval University and my Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where I was also a postdoctoral fellow. My current research focuses on the causes and consequences of insect outbreaks and fires, using dendrochronology, GIS, remote sensing, and field studies.


Research Themes

  • Biogeography
  • Causes and consequences of natural and anthropogenic forest disturbances
  • Dendroecology
  • Ecosystem forest management
  • Environmental change and ecosystem resilience
  • Landscape ecology


CEN Students / Postdoctoral fellows

Cotton-Gagnon, Anne (Master). Comparing advance regeneration of balsam fir and black spruce during a spruce budworm outbreak.

Lavoie, Sarah-Kim (Master - Codirector). The dynamics of white pine (Pinus strobus) in ombrotrophic peatlands of southern Quebec.

Lepage, Jean-Philippe (Master). Quantification of lodgepole pine prior growth following mountain pine beetle outbreaks in Yellowstone Park (USA).

Monteil, Lou (Doctorate). Mortality caused by the spruce budworm: influence of forest mosaic and climate.


Recent CEN theses

Bernier, Ariane , 2016 (Master). Enfeuillement du peuplier faux-tremble (Populus tremuloides) en sapinière à bouleau blanc de l'ouest du Québec (Canada).

Cardona, Lady , 2014 (Master). Dynamics of aspen stands in the boreal forest of western Quebec.

Dorion, Hugues , 2016 (Master). Spatial patterns of an outbreak of spruce budworm on the North Shore (Quebec): a remote sensing approach.

Durette, Maude , 2017 (Master). Contemporary dynamics of black spruce trembling aspen stands of the Abitibi clay belt: a dendroecological approach.


Scientific communications

Preston, C.M., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., Bernard, G., Wasylishen, R.E., 2017. Charcoal in organic horizon and surface mineral soil in a boreal forest fire chronosequence of western Quebec: Stocks, depth distribution, chemical properties and a synthesis of related studies. Frontiers in Earth Scienc(published online first). DOI: 10.3389/feart.2017.00098.

Turner, M., Simard, M., 2017. Using spatial statistics and landscape metrics to compare disturbance mosaics. Pages 175-190 in Gergel, S., Turner, M. (Editors). Learning Landscape Ecology - A Practical Guide to Concepts and Techniques. Springer-Verlag.

Lafleur, B., Renard, S., Leroy, C., Fenton, N.J., Simard, M., Gauthier, S., Paré, D., Leduc, A., Thiffault, N., Bergeron, Y., 2016. Silviculture to sustain productivity in black spruce paludified forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 375: 172-181. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.05.037.

Simard, M., Lajeunesse, P., 2015. The interaction between insect outbreaks and debris slides in a glacial valley of the eastern Canadian Shield. Ecosystems, 18(7): 1281-1289. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-015-9897-2.

Donato, D.C., Harvey, B.J., Romme, W.H., Simard, M., Turner, M.G., 2013. Bark beetle effects on fuel profiles across a range of stand structures in Douglas-­fir forests of Greater Yellowstone. Ecological Applications, 23(1): 3-20. DOI: 10.1890/12-0772.1.

Donato, D.C., Simard, M., Romme, W.H., Harvey, B.J., Turner, M.G., 2013. Evaluating post-outbreak management effects on future fuel profiles and stand structure in bark beetle-impacted forests of Greater Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management, 303: 160-174. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.04.022.

Griffin, J.M., Simard, M., Turner, M.G., 2013. Salvage harvest effects on advance tree regeneration, soil nitrogen, and fuels following mountain pine beetle outbreak in lodgepole pine. Forest Ecology and Management, 291: 228-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.029.

Simard, M., Powell, E.N., Raffa, K.F., Turner, M.G., 2012. What explains landscape patterns of tree mortality caused by bark beetle outbreaks in Greater Yellowstone? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21: 556-567.

Simard, M., Romme, W.H, Griffin, J.M, Turner, M.G., 2012. Do mountain pine beetle outbreaks change the probability of active crown fire in lodgepole pine forests? Reply. Ecology, 93(4): 939-941.

Griffin, J.M., Simard, M., Turner, M.G., 2011. Nitrogen cycling following mountain pine beetle disturbance in lodgepole pine forests of Greater Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management, 261: 1077-1089. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.12.031.

Simard, M., Romme, B., Griffin, J.M., Turner, M.G., 2011. Do mountain pine beetle outbreaks change the probability of active crown fire in lodgepole pine forests? Ecological Monographs, 81(1): 3-24.

Drobyshev, I., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., Hofgaard, A., 2010. Does soil organic layer thickness affect climate-growth relationships in the black spruce boreal ecosystem? Ecosystems, 13: 556-574. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-010-9340-7.

Lafleur, B., Fenton, N.J., Paré, D., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., 2010. Contrasting effects of harvesting method and season on soil properties and black spruce growth in the boreal forested peatlands of eastern Canada. Silva Fennica, 44(5): 799-813.

Payette, S., Delwaide, A., Simard, M., 2010. Frost-ring chronologies as dendroclimatic proxies of boreal environments. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. DOI: 10.1029/2009GL041849, 2010.

Fenton, N.J., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., 2009. Emulating natural disturbances: the role of silviculture in creating even-aged and complex structures in the black spruce boreal forest of eastern North America. Journal of Forest Research, 14(5): 258-267. DOI: 10.1007/s10310-009-0134-8.

Simard, M., Bernier, P.Y., Bergeron, Y., Paré, D., Guérine, L., 2009. Paludification dynamics in the boreal forest of the James Bay lowlands: effect of time since fire and topography. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 39(3): 546-552. DOI: 10.1139/X08-195.

Simard, M., Lecomte, N., Bergeron, Y., Bernier, P.Y., Paré, D., 2009. Ecosystem Management of Québec's Northern Clay Belt Spruce Forest: Managing the Forest… and Especially the Soils. Pages 257-286 in Gauthier, S., Vaillancourt, M.-A., Leduc, A., De Grandpré, L., Kneeshaw, D.D., Morin, H., Drapeau, P., Bergeron, Y. (Editors). Ecosystem management of the boreal forest. Les Presses de l'Université du Québec. , Canada.

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