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Martin Simard


Regular member

Department of geography, Université Laval

Abitibi-Price Building
2405 rue de la Terrasse
Université Laval
Quebec, Canada
G1V 0A6

418 656.2131 extension 408400



I am a professor in the Department of Geography at Laval University and my main field of research is landscape ecology. I am interested in forest dynamics and natural disturbances in boreal and subalpine forests. I obtained my undergraduate and masters degrees from Laval University and my Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where I was also a postdoctoral fellow. My current research focuses on the causes and consequences of insect outbreaks and fires, using dendrochronology, GIS, remote sensing, and field studies.


Research Themes

  • Biogeography
  • Causes and consequences of natural and anthropogenic forest disturbances
  • Dendroecology
  • Ecosystem forest management
  • Environmental change and ecosystem resilience
  • Landscape ecology


CEN Students / Postdoctoral fellows

Beaupré, Claudia (Master - Codirector). Evolution of the structure and productivity of subarctic ecosystems in Nunavik in the 21st century.

Coulombe-Potvin, Camille (Master). Study of the afforestation process of the Chute-Panet bog, Saint-Raymond-de-Portneuf.

Monteil, Lou (Doctorate). Mortality caused by the spruce budworm: influence of forest mosaic and climate.

Shakeri, Zahed (Doctorate - Codirector). The natural variability of fire activity in the La Grande region in the context of global warming.


Recent CEN theses

Cotton-Gagnon, Anne , 2017 (Master). Comparing advance regeneration of balsam fir and black spruce during a spruce budworm outbreak.

Durette, Maude , 2017 (Master). Contemporary dynamics of black spruce trembling aspen stands of the Abitibi clay belt: a dendroecological approach.

Lavoie, Sarah-Kim , 2017 (Master - Codirection). The dynamics of white pine (Pinus strobus) in ombrotrophic peatlands of southern Quebec.

Bernier, Ariane , 2016 (Master). Enfeuillement du peuplier faux-tremble (Populus tremuloides) en sapinière à bouleau blanc de l'ouest du Québec (Canada).

Dorion, Hugues , 2016 (Master). Spatial patterns of an outbreak of spruce budworm on the North Shore (Quebec): a remote sensing approach.


Scientific communications

Ropars, P., Simard, M., Boudreau, S., 2020. Le rôle des herbivores vertébrés sur la dynamique des communautés végétales au Nunavik. Le Naturaliste Canadien, 144(1): 24-36. DOI: 10.7202/1068216ar.

Cotton-Gagnon, A., Simard, M., De Grandpré, L., Kneeshaw, D., 2018. Salvage logging during spruce budworm outbreaks increases defoliation of black spruce regeneration. Forest Ecology and Management, 430: 421-430. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.08.011.

Germain, D., Dagenais Du Fort, É., Lajeunesse, P., Simard, M., 2018. Dendrogeomorphic reconstruction of the seasonal timing and rainfall threshold for debris slide occurrence in eastern Canada. Dendrochronologia, 52: 57-66. DOI: 10.1016/j.dendro.2018.09.007.

Lafleur, B., Fenton, N.J., Simard, M., Leduc, A., Paré, D., Valeria, O., Bergeron, Y., 2018. Ecosystem management in paludified boreal forests: enhancing wood production, biodiversity, and carbon sequestration at the landscape level. Forest Ecosystems, 5, 27. DOI: 10.1186/s40663-018-0145-z.

Simard, M., Dorion, H., 2018. Feux de forêt: agent de régénération. Pages 36-37 in Brousseau, Y., Mercier, G. (Editors). Le Québec d'une carte à l'autre. Géographie, Presses de l’Université du Québec. Quebec, Canada.

Simard, M., Monteil, L., 2018. Tordeuse des bourgeons de l'épinette: des épidémies cycliques. Pages 34-35 in Brousseau, Y., Mercier, G. (Editors). Le Québec d'une carte à l'autre. Géographie, Presses de l’Université du Québec. Quebec, Canada.

Preston, C.M., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., Bernard, G., Wasylishen, R.E., 2017. Charcoal in organic horizon and surface mineral soil in a boreal forest fire chronosequence of western Quebec: Stocks, depth distribution, chemical properties and a synthesis of related studies. Frontiers in Earth Science, 5: Article 98. DOI: 10.3389/feart.2017.00098.

Turner, M., Simard, M., 2017. Using spatial statistics and landscape metrics to compare disturbance mosaics. Pages 175-190 in Gergel, S., Turner, M. (Editors). Learning Landscape Ecology - A Practical Guide to Concepts and Techniques. Springer-Verlag. New York, United States.

Lafleur, B., Renard, S., Leroy, C., Fenton, N.J., Simard, M., Gauthier, S., Paré, D., Leduc, A., Thiffault, N., Bergeron, Y., 2016. Silviculture to sustain productivity in black spruce paludified forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 375: 172-181. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.05.037.

Simard, M., Lajeunesse, P., 2015. The interaction between insect outbreaks and debris slides in a glacial valley of the eastern Canadian Shield. Ecosystems, 18(7): 1281-1289. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-015-9897-2.

Donato, D.C., Harvey, B.J., Romme, W.H., Simard, M., Turner, M.G., 2013. Bark beetle effects on fuel profiles across a range of stand structures in Douglas-­fir forests of Greater Yellowstone. Ecological Applications, 23(1): 3-20. DOI: 10.1890/12-0772.1.

Donato, D.C., Simard, M., Romme, W.H., Harvey, B.J., Turner, M.G., 2013. Evaluating post-outbreak management effects on future fuel profiles and stand structure in bark beetle-impacted forests of Greater Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management, 303: 160-174. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.04.022.

Griffin, J.M., Simard, M., Turner, M.G., 2013. Salvage harvest effects on advance tree regeneration, soil nitrogen, and fuels following mountain pine beetle outbreak in lodgepole pine. Forest Ecology and Management, 291: 228-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.029.

Simard, M., Powell, E.N., Raffa, K.F., Turner, M.G., 2012. What explains landscape patterns of tree mortality caused by bark beetle outbreaks in Greater Yellowstone? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21: 556-567.

Simard, M., Romme, W.H., Griffin, J.M., Turner, M.G., 2012. Do mountain pine beetle outbreaks change the probability of active crown fire in lodgepole pine forests? Reply. Ecology, 93(4): 939-941.

Griffin, J.M., Simard, M., Turner, M.G., 2011. Nitrogen cycling following mountain pine beetle disturbance in lodgepole pine forests of Greater Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management, 261: 1077-1089. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.12.031.

Simard, M., Romme, B., Griffin, J.M., Turner, M.G., 2011. Do mountain pine beetle outbreaks change the probability of active crown fire in lodgepole pine forests? Ecological Monographs, 81(1): 3-24.

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