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Serge Payette


Regular member

Department of Biology, Université Laval

Alexandre-Vachon Building
1045 avenue de la Médecine
Université Laval
Quebec, Canada
G1V 0A6

418.656.2131 extension 407538




Research Themes

  • Biogeography of canadian forest toundra in relation to recent and future climate changes.
  • Centennial dynamics of caribou summer habitat in northern Quebec.
  • Fragmentation processes and patterns in subarctic forests.
  • High water levels in peatlands of the La Grande Complex, James Bay region.
  • Impacts of logging and fire on marginal forest stands.
  • Origin and dynamism of lichen-spruce woodland in the Grands-Jardins provincial park.
  • Recent and Holocene ecological processes at tree line.

Recent CEN theses

Tremblay, Joanie , 2017 (Master - Codirection). Long-term dynamics of balsam fir-white birch in the western spruce-moss in western Québec.


Scientific communications

Couillard, P.-L., Payette, S., Lavoie, M., Laflamme, J., 2019. La forêt boréale du Québec: influence du gradient longitudinal. Le Naturaliste Canadien, 143(2): 18-32. DOI: 10.7202/1060052ar.

Couillard, P.-L., Tremblay, J., Lavoie, M., Payette, S., 2019. Comparative methods for reconstructing fire histories at the stand scale using charcoal records in peat and mineral soils. Forest Ecology and Management, 433: 376-385. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.11.015.

Payette, S., Frégeau, M., 2019. Long-term succession of closed boreal forests at their range limit in eastern North America shows resilience to fire and climate disturbances. Forest Ecology and Management, 440: 101-112. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2019.03.015.

Truchon-Savard, A., Jean, M., Payette, S., 2019. Black spruce (Picea mariana) colonization of subarctic snowpatches in response to warmer climate. Journal of Ecology, 107(3): 1154-1166. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13123.

Couillard, P.-L., Payette, S., Lavoie, M., Frégeau, M., 2018. Macrocharcoal-based chronosequences reveal shifting dominance of conifer boreal forests under changing fire regime. Ecosystems, 21(6): 1183–1195. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-017-0211-3.

Payette, S., Delwaide, A., 2018. Tamm Review: The North-American lichen woodland. Forest Ecology and Management, 417: 167-183. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2018.02.043.

Payette, S. (Editor), 2018. Flore nordique du Québec et du Labrador - Volume 3. Presses de l'Université Laval, 711 pages. Quebec, Canada.

Payette, S., Frégeau, M., Couillard, P.-L., Pilon, V., Laflamme, J., 2018. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) at its northeastern range limit: a fire-resilient tree species. Botany, 96(6): 411-423. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2018-0016.

Payette, S., Pilon, V., Frégeau, M., 2018. Origin of the southernmost Arctic tundra of continental North America. Arctic Science, 4(4): 794-812. DOI: 10.1139/AS-2018-0007.

Pilon, V., Payette, S., Couillard, P.-L., Laflamme, J., 2018. Surface analysis as a method to reconstruct past and recent dynamics of forest ecosystems. Forest Ecology and Management, 407: 84-94. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2017.09.064.

Girard, F., Payette, S., Delwaide, A., 2017. Patterns of early postfire succession of alpine, subalpine and lichen-woodland wegetation: 21 years of monitoring from permanent plots. Forests, 8(9): 346. DOI: 10.3390/f8090346.

Payette, S., Delwaide, A., Couillard, P.-L., Pilon, V., 2017. Disjunct jack pine (Pinus banksiana) populations of the boreal forest in eastern Canada: expanding, declining or stable? Botany, 95: 697-707. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2016-0319.

Payette, S., Pilon, V., Couillard, P.-L., Laflamme, J., 2017. Fire history of Appalachian forests of the Lower St-Lawrence region (Southern Quebec). Forests, 8(4): 120. DOI: 10.3390/f8040120.

Rivet, A., Payette, S., Berteaux, D., Girard, F., 2017. Pines and porcupines: a tree-ring analysis of browsing and dynamics of an overmature pine forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 47: 257-268. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2016-0214.

Schaffhauser, A., Payette, S., Garneau, M., Robert, É., 2017. Soil paludification and Sphagnum bog initiation: the influence of indurated podzolic soil and fire. Boreas, 46(3): 428-441. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12200.

Abbott, B.W., Jones, J.B., Schuur, E.A., Chapin III, F.S., Bowden, W.B., Bret-Harte, M.S., Epstein, H.E., Flannigan, M.D., Harms, T.K., Hollingsworth, T.N., Mack, M.C., McGuire, D.A., Natali, S.M., Rocha, A.V., Tank, S.E., Turetsky, M.R., Vonk, J.E., Wickland, K.P., Aiken, G.R., Alexander, H.D., Amon, R.M.W., Benscoter, B.W., Bergeron, Y., Bishop, K., Blarquez, O., Bond-Lamberty, B., Breen, A.L., Buffam, I., Cai, Y., Carcaillet, C., Carey, S.K., Chen, J.M., Chen, H.Y.H., Christensen, T.R., Cooper, L.W., Cornelissen, J.H.C., de Groot, W.J., DeLuca, T.H., Dorrepaal, E., Fetcher, N., Finlay, J.C., Forbes, B.C., French, N.H.F., Gauthier, S., Girardin, M.P., Goetz, S.J., Goldammer, J.G., Gough, L., Grogan, P., Guo, L., Higuera, P.E., Hinzman, L., Hu, F.S., Hugelius, G., Jafarov, E.E., Jandt, R., Johnstone, J.F., Karlsson, J., Kasischke, E.S., Kattner, G., Kelly, R., Keuper, F., Kling, G.W., Kortelainen, P., Kouki, J., Kuhry, P., Laudon, H., Laurion, I., Macdonald, R.W., Mann, P.J., Martikainen, P.J., McClelland, J.W., Molau, U., Oberbauer, S.F., Olefeldt, D., Paré, D., Parisien, M.-A., Payette, S., Peng, C., Pokrovsky, O.S., Rastetter, E.B., Raymond, P.A., Raynolds, M.K., Rein, G., Reynolds, J.F., Robard, M., Rogers, B.M., Schädel, C., Schaefer, K., Schmidt, I.K., Shvidenko, A., Sky, J., Spencer, R.G.M., Starr, G., Striegl, R.G., Teisserence, R., Tranvik, L.J., Virtanen, T., Welker, J.M., Zimov, S., 2016. Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire: an expert assessment. Environmental Research Letters, 11: 034014. DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034014.

Payette, S., Pilon, V., Couillard, P.-L., Frégeau, M., 2016. Long-term fire history of maple (Acer) forest sites in the central St. Lawrence Lowland, Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 46: 822-831. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2015-0305.

Vézeau, C., Payette, S., 2016. Gap expansion in old-growth subarctic forests: the climate–pathogen connection. New Phytologist, 212(1044-1056). DOI: 10.1111/nph.14081.

White, M., Payette, S., 2016. Pool size structure indicates developmental stages of boreal fens. Botany, 94: 643-651. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2015-0268.

Arlen-Pouliot, Y., Payette, S., 2015. The influence of climate on pool inception in boreal fens. Botany, 93: 637-649. DOI: 10.1139/cjb-2015-0048.

Fortin, V., Jean, M., Brown, R., Payette, S., 2015. Predicting snow depth in a forest–tundra landscape using a conceptual model allowing for snow redistribution and constrained by observations from a digital came. Atmosphere-Ocean, 53(2): 200-211. DOI: 10.1080/07055900.2015.1022708.

Frégeau, M., Payette, S., Grondin, P., 2015. Fire history of the central boreal forest in eastern North America reveals stability since the mid-Holocene. The Holocene, 25(12 ): 1912-1922. DOI: 10.1177/0959683615591361.

Payette, S. (Editor), 2015. Flore nordique du Québec et du Labrador - Volume 2. Presses de l'Université Laval, 711 pages. Quebec, Canada.

Payette, S., Pilon, V., Couillard, P.-L., Frégeau, M., 2015. Holocene dynamics of an eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis) forest site at the northern range of the species limit. The Holocene, 25(8): 1246– 1256. DOI: 10.1177/0959683615580863.

Pilon, V., Payette, S., 2015. Sugar maple (Acer saccharum) forests at their northern distribution limit are recurrently impacted by fire. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45(4): 452-462. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2014-0322.

Plasse, C., Payette, S., 2015. Frost hollows of the boreal forest: a spatiotemporal perspective. Journal of Ecology, 103: 669-678. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12399.

Tardif, S., St-Hilaire, A., Roy, R., Bernier, M., Payette, S., 2015. Water budget analysis of small forested boreal watersheds: comparison of Sphagnum bog, patterned fen and lake dominated downstream areas in the La Grande River region, Québec. Hydrology Research, 46(1): 106. DOI: 10.2166/nh.2014.219.

Jean, M., Payette, S., 2014. Dynamics of active layer in wooded palsas of northern Quebec. Geomorphology, 206: 87-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.10.001.

Jean, M., Payette, S., 2014. Effect of the vegetation cover on the ground thermal regime of wooded and non-wooded palsas. Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 25(4): 281-294. DOI: 10.1002/ppp.1817.

Magnan, G., Garneau, M., Payette, S., 2014. Holocene development of maritime ombrotrophic peatlands of the St. Lawrence north shore in eastern Canada. Quaternary Research, 82(1): 96-106. DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2014.04.016.

Couillard, P.-L., Payette, S., Grondin, P., 2013. Long-term impact of fire on high-altitude balsam fir (Abies balsamea) forests in south-central Quebec deduced from soil charcoal. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 43(2): 188-199. DOI: 10.1139/cjfr-2012-0414.

Payette, S. (Editor), 2013. Flore nordique du Québec et du Labrador - Volume 1. Presses de l'Université Laval, 553 pages. Quebec, Canada.

Savard, J., Payette, S., 2013. Origin and plant species diversity of high-altitude tundra summits across the boreal forest zone in eastern Canada. Écoscience, 20(3): 283-295. DOI: 10.2980/20-3-3581.

Couillard, P.-L., Payette, S., Grondin, P., 2012. Recent impact of fire on high-altitude balsam fir forests in south-central Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 42(7): 1289-1305. DOI: 10.1139/x2012-081.

de Lafontaine, G., Payette, S., 2012. Chapter 13: How climate and fire disturbances influence contrasted dynamics of Picea glauca ecotones and alpine tree lines in Atlantic and continental eastern North America. Pages 299-312 in Myster, R.W. (Editor). Ecotones Between Forest and Grassland. Springer. New York, United States.

de Lafontaine, G., Payette, S., 2012. Long-term fire and forest history of subalpine balsam fir (Abies balsamea) and white spruce (Picea glauca) stands in eastern Canada inferred from soil charcoal analysis. The Holocene, 22(2): 1-12. DOI: 10.1177/0959683611414931.

Magnan, G., Lavoie, M., Payette, S., 2012. Impact of fire on long-term vegetation dynamics of ombrotrophic peatlands in northwestern Québec, Canada. Quaternary Research, 77(1): 110-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.yqres.2011.10.006.

Payette, S., Delwaide, A., Schaffhauser, A., Magnan, G., 2012. Calculating long-term fire frequency at the stand scale from charcoal data. Ecosphere, 3(7): Article 59. DOI: org/10.1890/ES12-00026.1.

Payette, S., Garneau, M., Delwaide, A., Schaffhauser, A., 2012. Forest soil paludification and mid-Holocene retreat of jack pine in easternmost North America: Evidence for a climatic shift from fire-prone to peat-prone conditions. The Holocene, 23(4): 494-503. DOI: 10.1177/0959683612463099.

Veilleux-Nolin, M., Payette, S., 2012. Influence of recent fire season and severity on black spruce regeneration in spruce–moss forests of Quebec, Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 42(7): 1316-1327. DOI: 10.1139/x2012-098.

Bhiry, N., Delwaide, A., Allard, M., Bégin, Y., Filion, L., Lavoie, M., Nozais, C., Payette, S., Pienitz, R., Saulnier-Talbot, É., Vincent, W.F., 2011. Environmental change in the Great Whale River region, Hudson Bay: Five decades of multidisciplinary research by Centre d’études nordiques (CEN). Écoscience, 18(3 - special issue: 50th Year Anniversary of CEN): 182-203. DOI: 10.2980/18-3-3469.

de Lafontaine, G., Couillard, P.-L., Payette, S., 2011. Permineralization of soil macrofossil charcoal promotes preservation of palaeoecological information. Journal of Quaternary Science, 26(6): 571-575. DOI: 10.1002/jqs.1529.

de Lafontaine, G., Payette, S., 2011. Shifting zonal patterns of the southern boreal forest in eastern Canada associated with changing fire regime during the Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30: 867-875.

Girard, F., Payette, S., Gagnon, R., 2011. Dendroecological analysis of black spruce in lichen–spruce woodlands of the closed-crown forest zone in eastern Canada. Écoscience, 18(3 - special issue: 50th Year Anniversary of CEN): 279-294. DOI: 10.2980/18-3-3438.

Payette, S., Saulnier-Talbot, É., 2011. Un demi-siècle de recherche au Centre d’études nordiques : un défi de tous les instants. Écoscience, 18(3 - special issue: 50th Year Anniversary of CEN): 171-181. DOI: 10-2980/18-3-3492.

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