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Milla Rautio


Regular member

Department of Basic Sciences, UQAC

Université du Québec à Chicoutimi 555, boulevard de l'Université
Quebec, Canada
G7H 2B1

418.545.5011 extension 5084



External link


Research Themes

  • Changes in aquatic ecosystems for the last 200 years
  • Distribution and assimilation of carbon in food webs of northern boreal lakes
  • Regional and global control of zooplankton community structure
  • Zooplankton responses to UV

CEN Students / Postdoctoral fellows

Ayala, Paola (Doctorate). Effect of watershed and hydrological connectivity to microbial and plankton communities in Arctic freshwaters.

Blackburn-Desbiens, Pénélope (Master). Variations in the composition of zooplankton communities between lakes and ponds from the high Arctic through a connectivity gradient.

Mazoyer, Flora (Doctorate - Codirector). Sunlight effects on the carbon mobilized by permafrost thawing in small Arctic and Subarctic lakes.

Pacoureau, Thomas (Doctorate - Codirector). Priming effect induced by primary production on terrestrially-derived organic carbon mobilized by permafrost thawing in small arctic lakes.


Recent CEN theses

Bégin, Paschale N., 2020 (Doctorate - Codirection). Limnology of a sentinel lake in the Canadian High Arctic: Ward Hunt Lake, Nunavut .

Imbeau, Elise , 2019 (Master).   Newly revealed organic carbon reserves in northern lake ice .

Wauthy, Maxime , 2019 (Doctorate). Influence of thawing permafrost on organic matter and food webs in northern circumpolar freshwaters .


Scientific communications

Bégin, P.N., Tanabe, Y., Rautio, M., Wauthy, M., Laurion, I., Uchida, M., Culley, A.I., Vincent, W.F., 2021. Water column gradients beneath the summer ice of a High Arctic freshwater lake as indicators of sensitivity to climate change. Scientific Reports, 11, 2868. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-82234-z.

Jeppesen, E., Christoffersen, K.S., Rautio, M., Lauridsen, T.L., 2021. Ecology of arctic lakes and ponds. Pages 159-180 in Thomas, D.N. (Editor). Arctic Ecology. Wiley-Blackwell.

Bégin, P.N., Rautio, M., Tanabe, Y., Uchida, M., Culley, A.I., Vincent, W.F., 2020. The littoral zone of polar lakes: inshore-offshore contrasts in an ice-covered High Arctic lake. Arctic Science(published online 2020-09-23). DOI: 10.1139/AS-2020-0026.

Grosbois, G., Vachon, D., del Giorgio, P.A., Rautio, M., 2020. Efficiency of crustacean zooplankton in transferring allochthonous carbon in a boreal lake. Ecology, 101(6), e03013. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.3013.

Nevalainen, L., Rantala, M., Kivilä, H., Lami, A., Wauthy, M., Rautio, M., Luoto, T., 2020. Biogeochemical and photobiological responses of subarctic lakes to UV radiation. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology, 209: 111932. DOI: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2020.111932.

Rautio, M., Evans, M., Grosbois, G., Power, M., 2020. Omega-3 fatty acids and mercury in the food web of Greiner Lake. Polar Knowledge: Aqhaliat 2019 Report. Polar Knowledge Canada.

Wauthy, M., Rautio, M., 2020. Emergence of steeply stratified permafrost thaw ponds changes zooplankton ecology in subarctic freshwaters. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 52(1): 177-190. DOI: 10.1080/15230430.2020.1753412.

Wauthy, M., Rautio, M., 2020. Permafrost thaw stimulates primary producers but has a moderate effect on primary consumers in subarctic ponds. Ecosphere, 11(6): e03099. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.3099.

Kivilä, E.H., Louto, T.P., Rantala, M., Kiljunen, M., Rautio, M., Nevalainen, L., 2019. Environmental controls on benthic food web functions and carbon resource use in subarctic lakes. Freshwater Biology, 64(4): 643-658. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.13250.

Mariash, H., Rautio, M., Mallory, M., Smith, P.A., 2019. Experimental tests of water chemistry response to ornithological eutrophication: biological implications in Arctic freshwaters. Biogeosciences, 16(23): 4719–4730. DOI: 10.5194/bg-16-4719-2019.

Peura, S., Wauthy, M., Simone, D., Eiler, A., Einarsdóttir, K., Rautio, M., Bertilsson, S., 2019. Ontogenic succession of thermokarst thaw ponds is linked to dissolved organic matter quality and microbial degradation potential. Limnology and Oceanography, 65(S1 - Linking Metagenomics to Aquatic Microbial Ecology and Biogeochemical Cycles): S248-S263. DOI: 10.1002/lno.11349.

Grosbois, G., Rautio, M., 2018. Active and colorful life under lake ice. Ecology, 99(3): 752-754. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.2074.

Mariash, H., Cazzanelli, M., Rautio, M., Hamerlik, L., Wooller, M.J., Christoffersen, K.S., 2018. Changes in food web dynamics of low arctic ponds with varying content of dissolved organic carbon. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 50(1): e1414472. DOI: 10.1080/15230430.2017.1414472.

Nevalainen, L., Rantala, M., Rautio, M., Louto, T.P., 2018. Spatio‐temporal cladoceran (Branchiopoda) responses to climate change and UV radiation in subarctic ecotonal lakes. Journal of Biogeography, 45(8): 1954-1965. DOI: 10.1111/jbi.13371.

Tran, P., Ramachandran, A., Khawasek, O., Beisner, B.E., Rautio, M., Huot, Y., Walsh, D.A., 2018. Microbial life under ice: Metagenome diversity and in situ activity of Verrucomicrobia in seasonally ice‐covered lakes. Environmental Microbiology, 20(7): 2568-2584. DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.14283.

Wauthy, M., Rautio, M., Christoffersen, K.S., Forsström, L., Laurion, I., Mariash, H., Peura, S., Vincent, W.F., 2018. Increasing dominance of terrigenous organic matter in circumpolar freshwaters due to permafrost thaw. Limnology and Oceanography Letters, 3(3 - Special Issue: Carbon cycling in inland waters: Progress and perspectives): 186-198. DOI: 10.1002/lol2.10063.

Andrady, A., Aucamp, P.J., Austin, A.T., Bais, A.F., Ballaré, C.L., Barnes, P.W., Bernhard, G.H., Björn, L.O., Bornman, J.F., Congdon, Cory, R.M., Gruijl, F.R., Häder, D.P., Heikkilä, A., Hylander, S., Longstreth, J., Lucas, R.M., Madronich, S., McKenzie, R.L., Neale, P., Neale, R., Norval, M., Pandey, K.K., Paul, N., Rautio, M., Redhwi, H.H., Robinson, S.A., Rose, K.C., Solomon, K.C., Sulzberger, B., Wängberg, S.Å., Williamson, C.E., Wilson, S.R., Worrest, R.C., Young, A.R., Zepp, R.G., 2017. United Nations Environment Programme, Environmental Effects Assessment Panel. Environmental effects of ozone depletion and its interactions with climate change: Progress report, 2016. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 16(2): 107-145. DOI: 10.1039/c7pp90001e.

Block, B.D., Denfeld, B.A., Stockwell, J.D., Flaim, G., Grossart, H.-P.F., Knoll, L.B., Maier, D.B., North, R.L., Rautio, M., Rusak, J.A., Sadro, S.R., Weyhenmeyer, G.A., Bramburger, A.J., Branstrator, D.K., Salonen, K., Hampton, S.E., 2017. The unique methodological challenges of winter limnology. Ecology Letters(1): 42-57. DOI: 10.1002/lom3.10295.

Grosbois, G., Del Giorgio, P.A., Rautio, M., 2017. Zooplankton allochthony is spatially heterogeneous in a boreal lake. Freshwater Biology, 62(3): 474-490. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12879.

Grosbois, G., Mariash, H., Schneider, T., Rautio, M., 2017. Under-ice availability of phytoplankton lipids is key to freshwater zooplankton winter survival. Scientific Reports, 7: Article number: 11543. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-10956-0.

Hampton, S.E., Galloway, A.W.E., Powers, S.M., Ozersky, T., Woo, K.H., Batt, R.D., Labou, S.G., O’Reilly, C.M., Sharma, S., Lottig, N.R., Stanley, E.H., North, R.L., Stockwell, J.D., Adrian, R., Weyhenmeyer, G.A., Arvola, L., Baulch, H.M., Bertani, I., Bowman, Jr., L.L., Carey, C.C., Catalan, J., Colom-Montero, W., Domine, L.M., Felip, M., Granados, I., Gries, C., Grossart, H.-P., Haberman, J., Haldna, M., Hayden, B., Higgins, S.N., Jolley, J.C., Kahilainen, K.K., Kaup, E., Kehoe, M.J., MacIntyre, S., Mackay, A.W., Mariash, H., McKay, R.M., Nixdorf, B., Noges, P., Noges, T., Palmer, M., Pierson, D.C., Post, D.M., Pruett, M.J., Rautio, M., Read, J.S., Roberts, S.L., Rücker, J., Sadro, S., Silow, E.A., Smith, D.E., Sterner, R.W., Swann, G.E.A., Timofeyev, M.A., Toro, M., Twiss, M.R., Vogt, R.J., Watson, S.B., Whiteford, E.J., Xenopoulos, M.A., 2017. Ecology under lake ice. Ecology Letters, 20: 98-111. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12699.

Mariash, H., Cusson, M., Rautio, M., 2017. Fall composition of storage lipids is associated with the overwintering strategy of Daphnia. Lipids, 52(1): 83-91. DOI: 10.1007/s11745-016-4219-9.

Schneider, T., Grosbois, G., Vincent, W.F., Rautio, M., 2017. Saving for the future: Pre‐winter uptake of algal lipids supports copepod egg production in spring. Freshwater Biology, 62(6): 1063-1072. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12925.

Wurzbacher, C., Nilsson, H., Rautio, M., Peura, S., 2017. Poorly known microbial taxa dominate the microbiome of permafrost thaw ponds. ISME Journal, 11: 1938–1941. DOI: 10.1038/ismej.2017.54.

Louto, T.P., Rantala, M.V., Galkin, A., Rautio, M., Nevalainen, L., 2016. Environmental determinants of chironomid communities in remote northern lakes across the treeline – Implications for climate change assessments. Ecological Indicators, 61(Part 2): 991-999. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.10.057.

Nevalainen, L., Rantala, M.V., Louto, T.P., Ojala, A.E.K., Rautio, M., 2016. Long-term changes in pigmentation of arctic Daphnia provide potential for reconstructing aquatic UV exposure. Quaternary Science Reviews, 144: 44-50. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.05.022.

Rantala, M.V., Nevalainen, L., Rautio, M., Galkin, A., Luoto, T.P., 2016. Sources and controls of organic carbon in lakes across the subarctic treeline. Biogeochemistry, 129(1-2): 235-253. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-016-0229-1.

Roiha, T., Peura, S., Cusson, M., Rautio, M., 2016. Allochthonous carbon is a major regulator to bacterial growth and community composition in subarctic freshwaters. Scientific Reports, 6 : 34456. DOI: 10.1038/srep34456.

Schneider, T., Grosbois, G., Vincent, W.F., Rautio, M., 2016. Carotenoid accumulation in copepods is related to lipid metabolism and reproduction rather than to UV-protection. Limnology and Oceanography, 61(4): 1201-1213. DOI: 10.1002/lno.10283.

Forsström, L., Rautio, M., Cusson, M., Sorvari, S., Albert, R.-L., Kumagai, M., Korhola, A., 2015. Dissolved organic matter concentration, optical parameters and attenuation of solar radiation in high-latitude lakes across three vegetation zones. Écoscience, 22(1): 17-31. DOI: 10.1080/11956860.2015.1047137.

Häder, D.-P., Williamson, C.E., Wängberg, S.-Å., Rautio, M., Rose, K.C., Gao, K., Helbling, E.W., Sinha, R.P., Worrest, R., 2015. Chapter 4: Effects of UV radiation on aquatic ecosystems and interactions with other environmental factors. Pages 121-147 in Bornman, J.F., Paul, N., Shao, M. (Editors). Environmental Effects of Ozone Depletion: 2014 Assessment. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). Kenya.

Häder, D.-P., Williamson, C.E., Wängberg, S.-Å., Rautio, M., Rose, K.C., Gao, K., Helbling, E.W., Sinha, R.P., Worrest, R., 2015. Effects of UV radiation on aquatic ecosystems and interactions with other environmental factors. Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences, 14(1): 108-126. DOI: 10.1039/c4pp90035a.

Marttiina, R.V., Luoto, T.P., Weckström, J., Perga, M.-É., Rautio, M., Nevalainen, L., 2015. Climate controls on the Holocene development of a subarctic lake in northern Fennoscandia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 126(15): 175-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.08.032 .

Nevalainen, L., Louto, T.P., Rantala, M.V., Galkin, A., Rautio, M., 2015. Role of terrestrial carbon in aquatic UV exposure and photoprotective pigmentation of meiofauna in subarctic lakes. Freshwater Biology, 60(11): 2435–2444. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12670.

Nevalainen, L., Rantala, M.V., Louto, T.P., Rautio, M., Ojala, A.E.K., 2015. Ultraviolet radiation exposure of a high arctic lake in Svalbard during the Holocene. Boreas, 44(2): 401-412. DOI: 10.1111/bor.12108.

Przytulska-Bartosiewicz, A., Bartosiewicz, M., Rautio, M., Dufresne, F., Vincent, W.F., 2015. Climate effects on high latitude Daphnia via food quality and thresholds. PLoS one, 10(5): e0126231. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126231.

Rantala, M.V., Louto, T.P., Weckström, J., Perga, M.-E., Rautio, M., Nevalainen, L., 2015. Climate controls on the Holocene development of a subarctic lake in northern Fennoscandia. Quaternary Science Reviews, 126: 175-185. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.08.032.

Roiha, T., Laurion, I., Rautio, M., 2015. Carbon dynamics in highly heterotrophic subarctic thaw ponds. Biogeosciences, 12: 7223-7237. DOI: 10.5194/bg-12-7223-2015.

Vonk, J.E., Tank, S.E., Bowden, W.B., Laurion, I., Vincent, W.F., Alekseychik, P., Amyot, M., Billet, M.F., Canário, J., Cory, R.M., Deshpande, B., Helbig, M.J., Jammet, M., Karlsson, J., Larouche, J., MacMillan, G.A., Rautio, M., Walter Anthony, K.M., Wickland, K.P., 2015. Reviews and syntheses: Effects of permafrost thaw on arctic aquatic ecosystems. Biogeosciences, 12(23): 7129–7167. DOI: 10.5194/bgd-12-7129-2015.

Casper, A.F., Rautio, M., Martineau, C., Vincent, W.F., 2014. Variation and assimilation of arctic riverine seston in the pelagic food web of the Mackenzie River Delta and Beaufort Sea transition zone. Estuaries and Coasts, 38: 1656–1663. DOI: 10.1007/s12237-014-9917-z.

Mariash, H., Devlin, S.P., Forsström, L., Jones , R.I., Rautio, M., 2014. Benthic mats offer a potential subsidy to pelagic consumers in tundra pond food webs. Limnology and Oceanography, 59(3): 733-744. DOI: 10.4319/lo.2014.59.3.0733.

Nevalainen, L., Rautio, M., 2014. Spectral absorbance of benthic cladoceran carapaces as a new method for inferring past UV exposure of aquatic biota. Quaternary Science Reviews, 84(3): 109-115. DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.11.020.

Eloranta, A.P., Mariash, H., Rautio, M., Power, M., 2013. Lipid-rich zooplankton subsidise the winter diet of benthivorous Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) in a subarctic lake. Freshwater Biology, 58(12): 2541–2554. DOI: 10.1111/fwb.12231.

Forsström, L., Roiha, T., Rautio, M., 2013. Responses of microbial food web to increased allochthonous DOM in an oligotrophic subarctic lake. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 68: 171-184. DOI: 10.3354/ame01614.

Rautio, M., Nevalainen, L., 2013. Cladocera. Pages 271-280 in Elias, S.A., Mock, C. (Editors). Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science, Vol. 3, 2nd Edition. Elsevier. Netherlands.

Wrona, F.J., Reist, J.D., Amundsen, P.-A., Chambers, P.A., Christoffersen, K., Culp, J.M., di Cenzo, P.D., Forsström, L., Hammar, J., Heino, J., Heikkinen, R.K., Kahilainen, K.K., Lesack, L., Lehtonen, H., Lento, J., Luoto, M., Marsh, P., Marcogliese, D.J., Moquin, P.A., Mustonen, T., Prowse, T.D., Power, M., Rautio, M., Swanson, H., Thompson, M., Toivonen, H., Vasiliev, V., Virkkala, R., Zavalko, S., 2013. Freshwater Ecosystems (Chapter 13). Pages 335-377 in Meltofte, H. (Editor). Arctic Biodiversity Assessment - Status and Trends in Arctic Biodiversity. Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna. Iceland.

Cazzanelli, M., Forsström, L., Rautio, M., Michelsen, A., Christoffersen, K.S., 2012. Benthic resources are the key to Daphnia middendorffiana survival in a high arctic pond. Aquatic Sciences, 57(3): 541–551. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02722.x.

Culp, J., Goedkoop, W., Lento, J., Christoffersen, K., Frenzel, S., Guðbergsson, G., Liljaniemi, P., Sandøy, S., Svoboda, M., Brittain, J., Hammar, J., Jacobsen, D., Jones, B., Juillet, C., Kahlert, M., Kidd, K., Luiker, E., Olafsson, J., Power, M., Rautio, M., Ritcey, A., Striegl, R., Svenning, M., Sweetman, J., Whitman, M., 2012. The Arctic Freshwater Biodiversity Monitoring Plan. CAFF International Secretariat, CAFF Monitoring Series Report Nr. 7. CAFF International Secretariat, 150 pages. Iceland.

Culp, J.M., Lento, J., Goedkoop, W., Power, M., Rautio, M., Christoffersen, K.S., Frenzel, S., Guðbergsson, G., Lau, D., Liljaniemi, P., Sandøy, S., Svoboda, M., 2012. Developing a circumpolar monitoring framework for Arctic freshwater biodiversity. Biodiversity, 13(3-4, Special Issue: Circumpolar Biodiversity): 215-227. DOI: 10.1080/14888386.2012.717526.

Roiha, T., Tiirola, M., Cazzanelli, M., Rautio, M., 2012. Carbon quantity defines productivity while its quality defines community composition of bacterioplankton in subarctic ponds. Aquatic Sciences, 74(3): 513-525. DOI: 10.1007/s00027-011-0244-1.

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