Martin Simard (Regular member)


Abitibi-Price Building
Room 3187
Université Laval
2405 rue de la Terrasse
Québec, Canada
G1V 0A6

Phone: 418 656-2131 ext. 8400

I am a professor in the Department of Geography at Laval University and my main field of research is landscape ecology. I am interested in forest dynamics and natural disturbances in boreal and subalpine forests. I obtained my undergraduate and masters degrees from Laval University and my Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where I was also a postdoctoral fellow. My current research focuses on the causes and consequences of insect outbreaks and fires, using dendrochronology, GIS, remote sensing, and field studies.

Research theme
• Causes and consequences of natural and anthropogenic forest disturbances
• Environmental change and ecosystem resilience
• Ecosystem forest management

Landscape ecology

• Biogeography
• Dendroecology

CEN Students / Postdoctoral fellows
Cotton-Gagnon, Anne (M.Sc.). Comparing advance regeneration of balsam fir and black spruce during a spruce budworm outbreak.
Durette, Maude (M.Sc.). Contemporary dynamics of black spruce trembling aspen stands of the Abitibi clay belt: a dendroecological approach.
Lavoie, Sarah-Kim (M.Sc. - Co-director). The dynamics of white pine (Pinus strobus) in ombrotrophic peatlands of southern Quebec.
Lepage, Jean-Philippe (M.Sc.). Quantification of lodgepole pine prior growth following mountain pine beetle outbreaks in Yellowstone Park (USA).
Monteil, Lou (Ph.D.). Mortality caused by the spruce budworm: influence of forest mosaic and climate.

Recent CEN theses
Bernier, Ariane, 2016 (M.Sc.). Enfeuillement du peuplier faux-tremble (Populus tremuloides) en sapinière à bouleau blanc de l'ouest du Québec (Canada).
Dorion, Hugues, 2016 (M.Sc.). Spatial patterns of an outbreak of spruce budworm on the North Shore (Quebec): a remote sensing approach.
Cardona, Lady, 2014 (M.Sc.). Dynamics of aspen stands in the boreal forest of western Quebec.

Scientific communications
Lafleur, B., Renard, S., Leroy, C., Fenton, N.J., Simard, M., Gauthier, S., Paré, D., Leduc, A., Thiffault, N., Bergeron, Y.
, 2016. Silviculture to sustain productivity in black spruce paludified forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 375: 172-181. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2016.05.037.
Simard, M., Lajeunesse, P.
, 2015. The interaction between insect outbreaks and debris slides in a glacial valley of the eastern Canadian Shield. Ecosystems, 18(7): 1281-1289. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-015-9897-2.
Donato, D.C., Harvey, B.J., Romme, W.H., Simard, M., Turner, M.G.
, 2013. Bark beetle effects on fuel profiles across a range of stand structures in Douglas-­fir forests of Greater Yellowstone. Ecological Applications, 23(1): 3-20. DOI: 10.1890/12-0772.1.
Donato, D.C., Simard, M., Romme, W.H., Harvey, B.J., Turner, M.G.
, 2013. Evaluating post-outbreak management effects on future fuel profiles and stand structure in bark beetle-impacted forests of Greater Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management, 303: 160-174. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2013.04.022.
Griffin, J.M., Simard, M., Turner, M.G.
, 2013. Salvage harvest effects on advance tree regeneration, soil nitrogen, and fuels following mountain pine beetle outbreak in lodgepole pine. Forest Ecology and Management, 291: 228-239. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2012.11.029.
Simard, M., Powell, E.N., Raffa, K.F., Turner, M.G.
, 2012. What explains landscape patterns of tree mortality caused by bark beetle outbreaks in Greater Yellowstone? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21: 556-567.
Griffin, J.M., Simard, M., Turner, M.G.
, 2011. Nitrogen cycling following mountain pine beetle disturbance in lodgepole pine forests of Greater Yellowstone. Forest Ecology and Management, 261: 1077-1089. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2010.12.031.
Simard, M., Romme, B., Griffin, J.M., Turner, M.G.
, 2011. Do mountain pine beetle outbreaks change the probability of active crown fire in lodgepole pine forests? Ecological Monographs, 81(1): 3-24.
Drobyshev, I., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., Hofgaard, A.
, 2010. Does soil organic layer thickness affect climate-growth relationships in the black spruce boreal ecosystem? Ecosystems, 13: 556-574. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-010-9340-7.
Lafleur, B., Fenton, N.J., Paré, D., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y.
, 2010. Contrasting effects of harvesting method and season on soil properties and black spruce growth in the boreal forested peatlands of eastern Canada. Silva Fennica, 44(5): 799-813.
Payette, S., Delwaide, A., Simard, M.
, 2010. Frost-ring chronologies as dendroclimatic proxies of boreal environments. Geophysical Research Letters, 37. DOI: 10.1029/2009GL041849, 2010.
Fenton, N.J., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y.
, 2009. Emulating natural disturbances: the role of silviculture in creating even-aged and complex structures in the black spruce boreal forest of eastern North America. Journal of Forest Research, 14(5): 258-267. DOI: 10.1007/s10310-009-0134-8.
Simard, M., Bernier, P.Y., Bergeron, Y., Paré, D., Guérine, L.
, 2009. Paludification dynamics in the boreal forest of the James Bay lowlands: effect of time since fire and topography. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 39(3): 546-552. DOI: 10.1139/X08-195.
Simard, M., Lecomte, N., Bergeron, Y., Bernier, P.Y., Paré, D.
, 2008. Un aménagement écosystémique de la pessière du nord de la ceinture d’argile québécoise: gérer la forêt… mais surtout les sols. Pages 269-299 dans Gauthier, S., Vaillancourt, M.-A., Leduc, A., De Grandpré, L., Kneeshaw, D.D., Morin, H., Drapeau, P., Bergeron, Y. (Éditeurs). Aménagement écosystémique en forêt boréale. Les Presses de l'Université du Québec, Québec, Québec, Canada.
Simard, M., Lecomte, N., Bergeron, Y., Paré, D., Bernier, P.Y.
, 2007. Forest productivity decline caused by successional paludification of boreal soils. Ecological Applications, 16(7): 1619-1637.
Lecomte, N., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y.
, 2006. Effects of fire severity and initial tree composition on stand structural development in the coniferous boreal forest of northwestern Quebec, Canada. Écoscience, 13: 152-163.
Lecomte, N., Simard, M., Fenton, N.J., Bergeron, Y.
, 2006. Fire severity and long-term ecosystem biomass dynamics in coniferous boreal forests of eastern Canada. Ecosystems, 9: 1215-1230.
Lecomte, N., Simard, M., Bergeron, Y., Larouche, A., Asnong, H., Richard, P.J.H.
, 2005. Effects of fire severity and initial tree composition on understory vegetation dynamics in a boreal landscape inferred from chronosequence and paleoecological data. Journal of Vegetation Science, 16: 665-674.
Simard, M., Payette, S.
, 2005. Reduction of black spruce seed bank by spruce budworm infestation compromises postfire stand regeneration. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 35(7): 1686-1696.
Simard, M., Payette, S.
, 2003. Accurate dating of spruce budworm infestation using tree growth anomalies. Écoscience, 10(2): 204-216.
Simard, M., Payette, S.
, 2001. Black spruce decline triggered by spruce budworm at the southern limit of lichen woodland in eastern Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 31: 2160-2172.
Payette, S., Bhiry, N., Delwaide, A., Simard, M.
, 2000. Origin of the lichen woodland at its southern range limit in eastern Canada: the catastrophic impact of insect defoliators and fire on the spruce-moss forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 30: 288-305.