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vascular plants of bylot island

A total of 166 vascular plant species have been surveyed on Bylot Island

• The Bylot Island vascular plant list is based on the list established for Sirmilik National Park. It was completed from field work performed by Tremblay & Lévesque in 2004 and 2005 (in prep.), Parks Canada in 2002 and 2003 as well as from the work of Duclos (2002), Hughes (1994), Zoltai et al. (1983) and Drury (1962).

• The common names are from VASCAN.

 

LYCOPODIACEAE (1)

Huperzia appressa subsp. appressa (Mountain firmoss)

 

DRYOPTERIDACEAE (POLYPODIACEA) (1)

Dryopteris fragrans (Fragrant Woodfern)

 

EQUISETACEAE (2)

Equisetum arvense subsp. alpestre (Field Horsetail)
Equisetum variegatum subsp. variegatum (Variegated Scouring-rush)

 

CYPERACEAE (22)

Carex aquatilis (Water sedge)
Carex atrofusca (Dark-brown sedge)
Carex bigelowii subsp. bigelowii (Bigelow's sedge)
Carex fuliginosa or C. misandra (Short-leaved sedge)
Carex glacialis (Glacier sedge)
Carex marina or C. amblyorhyncha (Sea sedge)
Carex maritima (Seaside sedge)
Carex membranacea (Fragile sedge)
Carex nardina (Nard sedge)
Carex ×nearctica
Carex rupestris (Rock sedge)
Carex scirpoidea subsp. scirpoidea (Single-spike sedge)
Carex subspathacea (Hoppner's sedge)
Carex ursina (Bear sedge)
Eriophorum angustifolium subsp. angustifolium (Narrow-leaved cottongrass)
Eriophorum angustifolium subsp. triste (Tall cottongrass)
Eriophorum callitrix (Beautiful cottongrass)
Eriophorum russeolum subsp. leiocarpum (Smooth-fruited russet cottongrass)
Eriophorum scheuchzeri subsp. arctium (Scheuchzer's arctic cottongrass)
Eriophorum vaginatum subsp. spissum (Dense cottongrass)
Kobresia myosuroides (Bellard’s kobresia)
Kobresia simpliciuscula (Simple kobresia)

 

JUNCACEAE (5)

Juncus triglumis subsp. albescens (Northern white rush)
Juncus biglumis (Two-glumed rush)
Juncus leucochlamys (Asian chestnut rush)
Luzula confusa (Northern woodrush)
Luzula nivalis (Arctic woodrush)

 

POACEAE (GRAMINEAE) (29)

Alopecurus borealis subsp. borealis or A. alpinus (Alpine foxtail)
Anthoxanthum arcticum or Hierochloe pauciflora (Arctic sweetgrass)
Anthoxanthum monticola subsp. alpinum or Hierochloe alpina (Alpine sweetgrass)
Arctagrostis latifolia subsp. latifolia (Polargrass)
Deschampsia brevifolia (Short-leaved hairgrass)
Deschampsia sukatschewii subsp. borealis or D. pumila (Dwarf hairgrass)
Dupontia fisheri (Fisher's tundra grass)
Elymus alaskanus subsp. hyperarcticus (Tundra wildrye)
Festuca baffinensis (Baffin Island fescue)
Festuca brachyphylla subsp. brachyphylla (Short-leaved fescue)
Festuca edlundiae (Edlund's fescue)
Leymus mollis subsp. villosissimus or Elymus arenarius (Arctic dunegrass)
Phippsia algida (Icegrass)
Pleuropogon sabinei (Sabine's semaphoregrass)
Poa abbreviata subsp. abbreviata (Dwarf bluegrass)
Poa arctica subsp. arctica (Arctic bluegrass)
Poa arctica subsp. caespitans (Siberian bluegrass)
Poa alpina (Alpine bluegrass)
Poa glauca subsp. glauca (Glaucous bluegrass)
Poa hartzii subsp. hartzii (Hartz's bluegrass)
Poa hartzii subsp. vrangelica
Poa pratensis subsp. alpigena (Alpigene bluegrass)
Poa pratensis subsp. colpodea
Puccinellia andersonii (Anderson's alkaligrass)
Puccinellia angustata (Narrow alkaligrass)
Puccinellia phryganodes (Creeping alkaligrass)
Puccinellia langeana or P. tenella subsp. langeana
Puccinellia vahliana (Vahl's alkaligrass)
Trisetum spicatum (Narrow false oats)

 

PAPAVERACEAE (1)

Papaver lapponicum subsp. occidentale or P. radicatum subsp. occidentale (Porsild's poppy)

 

RANUNCULACEAE (7)

Ranunculus arcticus or R. pedatifidus var. leiocarpus (Northern buttercup)
Ranunculus confervoides (Thread-leaved water buttercup)
Ranunculus hyperboreus (Far-northern buttercup)
Ranunculus nivalis (Snow buttercup)
Ranunculus pygmaeus (Pygmy buttercup)
Ranunculus sabinei (Sabine’s buttercup)
Ranunculus sulphureus (Sulphur buttercup)

 

ROSACEAE (7)

Dryas integrifolia subsp. integrifolia (Entire-leaved mountain avens)
Potentilla arenosa subsp. arenosa (Bluff cinquefoil)
Potentilla hyparctica (Arctic cinquefoil)
Potentilla pulchella (Pretty cinquefoil)
Potentilla nivea (Snow cinquefoil)
Potentilla rubricaulis (Red-stemmed cinquefoil)
Potentilla vahliana (Vahl's cinquefoil)

 

FABACEAE (LEGUMINOSAE) (3)

Astragalus alpinus subsp. alpinus (Alpine milk-vetch)
Oxytropis arctobia subsp. arctobia or O. nigrescens var. uniflora
Oxytropis maydelliana (Maydell's locoweed)

 

SALICACEAE (4)

Salix arctica (Arctic willow)
Salix herbacea (Snowbed willow)
Salix reticulata (Net-veined willow)
Salix richardsonii or S. lanata subsp. richardsonii (Richardson's willow)

 

BRASSICACEAE (CRUCIFERAE) (19)

Arabidopsis arenicola or Arabis arenicola (Sand rockcress)
Braya glabella subsp. glabella (Smooth braya)
Braya glabella subsp. purpurascens (Purple braya)
Cardamine bellidifolia (Alpine bittercress)
Cardamine nymanii or C. pratensis subsp. angustifolia (Nyman’s cuckooflower)
Cochlearia groenlandica or C. officinalis (Greenland scurvygrass)
Draba alpina (Alpine draba)
Draba cinerea (Gray-leaved draba)
Draba corymbosa (Flat-top draba)
Draba fladnizensis (Austrian draba)
Draba glabella (Smooth draba)
Draba lactea (Milky draba)
Draba lactea × D. glabella
Draba micropetala (Small-flowered draba)
Draba nivalis (Snow draba)
Draba subcapitata (Ellesmere Island draba)
Erysimum pallasii (Pallas’ wallflower)
Eutrema edwardsii (Edwards' mock wallflower)
Physaria arctica or Lesquerella arctica (Arctic bladderpod)

 

ONAGRACEAE (2)

Chamerion latifolium or Epilobium latifolium (River beauty)
Epilobium arcticum (Arctic willowherb)

 

SAXIFRAGACEAE (14)

Chrysosplenium rosendahlii (Rosendahl's golden-saxifrage)
Chrysosplenium tetrandrum (Northern golden-saxifrage)
Micranthes foliolosa or Saxifraga foliolosa (Leafy saxifrage)
Micranthes hieracifolia or Saxifraga hieracifolia
Micranthes nivalis or Saxifraga nivalis (Snow saxifrage)
Micranthes tenuis or Saxifraga tenuis (Slender saxifrage)
Saxifraga caespitosa
Saxifraga cernua (Nodding saxifrage)
Saxifraga flagellaris subsp. platysepala (Stoloniferous saxifrage)
Saxifraga hirculus subsp. propinqua (Yellow marsh saxifrage)
Saxifraga hyperborea (Pygmy saxifrage)
Saxifraga oppositifolia subsp. oppositifolia (Purple mountain saxifrage)
Saxifraga rivularis subsp. rivularis (Alpine brook saxifrage)
Saxifraga tricuspidata (Three-toothed Saxifrage)

 

CARYOPHYLLACEAE (18)

Arenaria humifusa (Creeping sandwort)
Cerastium alpinum (Alpine ckickweed)
Cerastium arcticum (Arctic chickweed)
Cerastium beeringianum (Bering Sea chickweed)
Cerastium regelii (Regel's chickweed)
Honckenya peploides subsp. diffusa or Arenaria peploides (Northern seabeach sandwort)
Minuartia biflora (Mountain stitchwort)
Minuartia rossii (Ross' stitchwort)
Minuartia rubella (Reddish stitchwort)
Minuartia stricta (Bog stitchwort)
Sagina caespitosa (Tufted pearlwort)
Sagina intermedia (Snow Pearlwort)
Silene acaulis (Moss campion)
Silene involucrata subsp. involucrata or Melandrium affine or Lychnis affinis (Arctic catchfly)
Silene sorensenis or Melandrium triflorum (Sorensen's catchfly)
Silene uralensis subsp. uralensis or Melandrium apetalum (Nodding catchfly)
Stellaria humifusa (Saltmarsh starwort)
Stellaria longipes subsp. longipes (Long-stalked starwort)

 

PLUMBAGINACEAE (1)

Armeria scabra or Armeria maritima subsp. labradorica (Sea thrift)

 

POLYGONACEAE (3)

Koenigia islandica (Island purslane)
Bistorta vivipara or Polygonum viviparum or Persicaria vivipara (Alpine bistort)
Oxyria digyna (Mountain sorrel)

 

ERICACEAE (4)

Cassiope tetragona (Four-angled mountain heather)
Empetrum nigrum (Black crowberry)
Pyrola grandiflora (Arctic pyrola)
Vaccinium uliginosum (Alpine bilberry)

 

PRIMULACEAE (1)

Androsace septentrionalis (Northern fairy-candelabra)

 

OROBANCHACEAE (SCROPHULARIACEAE) (5)

Pedicularis capitata (Capitate lousewort)
Pedicularis hirsuta (Hairy lousewort)
Pedicularis lanata subsp. lanata (Wooly lousewort)
Pedicularis langsdorffii ssp. arctica or P. arctica (Arctic lousewort)
Pedicularis sudetica subsp. albolabiata (White-lipped lousewort)

 

PLANTAGINACEAE (1)

Hippuris lanceolata (Lance-leaved mare's-tail)

 

BORAGINACEAE (1)

Mertensia maritima subsp. tenella

 

ASTERACEAE (COMPOSITAE) (13)

Antennaria friesiana ssp. friesiana or A. ekmaniana (Fries' pussytoes)
Antennaria monocephala subsp. angustata (Narrow-leaved pygmy pussytoes)
Arnica angustifolia subsp. angustifolia (Narrow-leaved arnica)
Askellia pygmaea (Dwarf hawksbeard)
Erigeron compositus (Cut-leaved fleabane)
Erigeron uniflorus var. eriocephalus or E. eriocephalus (One-flowered fleabane)
Erigeron humilis (Low fleabane)
Hulteniella integrifolia or Chrysanthemum integrifolium (Entire-leaved daisy)
Tephroseris palustris or Senecio congestus (Marsh groundsel)
Tripleurospermum maritimum subsp. phaeocephalum (Arctic chamomile)
Taraxacum ceratophorum or T. lacerum (Horned dandelion)
Taraxacum hyparcticum (High arctic dandelion)
Taraxacum phymatocarpum (Harp dandelion)

 

CAMPANULACEAE (1)

Campanula uniflora (Arctic bellflower)

 

LILIACEAE (NARTHECIACEAE) (1)

Tofieldia coccinea (Northern tofieldia)

 

Eriophorum Scheuchzeri © Catherine A. Gagnon

Salix arctica © Gilles Gauthier

Stellaria longipes © Marie-Christine Cadieux

Papaver radicatum © Catherine A. Gagnon

Draba corymbosa © Esther Lévesque

Saxifraga hirculus © Anna M. Calvert

Saxifraga oppositifolia © Austin Reed

Dryas integrifolia © Austin Reed

Oxytropis maydelliana © Esther Lévesque

Empetrum nigrum (berries/fruits) © Marie-Christine Cadieux

Epilobium sp. © Marie Claire Bédard

Cassiope tetragona © Gilles Gauthier

Vaccinium uliginosum (berries/fruits) © Marie-Christine Cadieux

Pedicularis lanata © Gilles Gauthier

Pedicularis © Esther Lévesque

DRURY, W.H., JR. 1962. Patterned ground and vegetation on southern Bylot Island, Northwest Territories, Canada. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University 190: 3–111.

DUCLOS, I. 2002. Milieux mésiques et secs de l’Île Bylot, Nunavut (Canada) : caractérisation et utilisation par la Grande Oie des neiges. MSc. Thesis, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, Trois-Rivières, QC, Canada.

Hughes, R.J., G. Gauthier & A. Reed. 1994. Summer habitat use and behaviour of greater snow geese Anser caerulescens atlanticus. Wildfowl 45:49-64.

Tremblay, B. & E. Lévesque. The vascular flora of Bylot Island, Sirmilik National Park, and of Mittimatalik (Pond Inlet), Baffin Island (Nunavut, Canada). In preparation.

ZOLTAI, S.C., K.J. MCCORMICK & G.W. SCOTTER. 1983. A natural resource survey of Bylot Island and adjacent Baffin Island, Northwest Territories. Parks Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, 176 p.