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* BÊTY, J., G. GAUTHIER AND J.-F. GIROUX. 2003. Body Condition, Migration, and Timing of Reproduction in Snow Geese: A test of the Condition-Dependent Model of Optimal Clutch Size. The American Naturalist 162(1): 110-121.

** REED, E.T. 2003. Coûts des soins parentaux et effets des conditions environnementales sur la reproduction de la Grande Oie des Neiges. Ph.D. Thesis, Université Laval, Québec, PQ, Canada.