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ckwoziz | NjRZ6X9oxiq5

ckwoziz
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  WQx3iz  
  xrxi  
  u5tmbo4  
  NiyF4  
  u5tmbo4 xrxl  
 
xrxb yMzi4 si4]v6ymJ5 nN/sMs6S5 xg6Lt4 x3+CAi dosC+b6gi x=K6bsJFi3i4 (1994-2003) yM8ix3F5t8i5 bs?i @)}ubi4 d5t1io1u w]mi5. Base Camp lake with Senecio congestus – lac du Camp de base avec Senecio congestus © Anna M. Calvert

yMs2 i[oN3iz\]sN3iz

bs?i xrxi x3+CAj5 Noji6LA —14.8 i[Mh1ic6S6. whmQ9lQ5 xs/4fgx6 b6rq5 GÔJi,—JMw, —+x[}QyH, b2XsRZ6Li 4.5j5 ]sN3i3j5 srs4f9o GtyWE— ]/8kxE— FÏ=KxEH bs8kz7mE4 —32.6j5 i[Mh1i3j5.

x3+CÅ]A9o wlxi JMw s6+fi6+XaK6, Nojt6LA 6.3u4 s6+fic6Li, w4]r®ai6+X3o ÏF=KxEs9li —39.2}uLi.

 

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xrxio, b=?i er6bu, be6 s6]fZJ1i6]X6 yM8ixDt4f5 ]sN3ic3iC6bsizk5 JMwaK6 vtYx6LQ5 wlw5ga6LA !((at9lA xs4X9oxt5tJ8N6g5 s9lw5.

 

x3]CAb]m5, ]smJflw5 xrx]i5g5 s6]fic6gu s9li xgc6b6S5 ((i s6]fiz ) sz]bis/]Cz5. NlNTM6, ]b4fx s9l5 ryxi xs/4]fc5b3iq8i.

 

kNs2 ]sN3iz

kN wrx6O4n/6tg5 s{y4t5tJ8N3m5, kNs2 wlxi cktQ ]sN6tQiz i[Mh4tQizl yM]u5gu4 Wlxq8i6nsZJ1m8.

s4]gtfl4 xg3lA kNs2 wlxi @n8b]ugu, srs2 wlxi vtbsJw8N9lt4 ]sN3iq5 w4]r3N3iq9l xrxi ttC6bsymK5 wm8NsZJ1i6XsMs3izg5 –10.2°C. xs/4f5, bm8N XszExc5b6S6bs6 wm8N9lx6 4.6°C. xs/4f5 ]b8N ]sN3iz d5tdwpK6 hcw7m kN e3i6t9lA yris2 ]sN3iz xr1ut5ti6ns/8izk5.

srs4f9o, kNs2 wlxi wm8NtQsZJ4S6 –20.5°C. w4]rai6Xa9li, @n8b]ubu kNs2 wlx]i8ic6t9lA, FKxExMs6S6 (–24.2°C) s6]fi6]X3l JMwa9li (7.3°C).

!) n8b]ug]utbst9lAo kNs2 wlxi ]s4gtC]M6, yMs2 s6]fizi w4]raizi[l x0pctq5tx7mE1i6nsMs6S6. srso]mj5 wm8N9lxaMs3m5 –11.1°C. xs/4f5, sm8NtQs9li 0.7°C x7ml srs4f5, i[Mcyst9li, wm8N9lx6 –20.2°C.

w4rai6]XaMs6g6 be6 !)n8b]ug]ut9lA m0psMs6S6 wm8NtQsZJ4Li –24.2°C. be6 i[Mh1i6]XaJ6 ]m0pus]zMs3m5 FKxEusq5g6, yMs2 i[Mh1izi mo1iz ra?ydp9li x7ml @ n8b]ug{u, w7m]c NlNw6bsJ8N6g6 kNs2 wlxi s{y1i6nsizk5 x7ml bm8N kN h3l eW4g5 bwm8N kNs2 wrxzi Wizg5.

!) n8bugu kNs2 wlx]k6bsymt9lA, be6 s6]fi6]X6 ho JMwaMsEK6. ryxio, @.*ysy/{aZJ1i6XsMs6S6 x7j?y1i6ns9li JMw wlxi s6]fisc5b6gu yMu x7ml @ n8bubu wo/symJu.

 

yeis2 xr1uizb ]sN3iz

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be6 xr1u1ir]MaJ6 tyWEs9li ) uxZ ]Js9{\m²/csb]m5. w[lxk]z3o, Jiso]Cz5 d5t1i6XsK6 @@.@a9li sr1u[Fsiz5 csb]m5.

 

csmizk5 xr1u4tQiz mogw8NEK6 W6fyE/zi yeis2 xr1uizk5 ]sN3izb. srsb]m5 xrxi ]X3 xr1u[Fsiz !&.@ b6nflwaMs6S6 ]Kb8{k5\r2]XE4g6 !ub\csb]m5 x7ml srsu xbsy3u wm8Ns9li 6509 moles/m².

srs4f5 bsF[Jxat9lA, ]X3-c6tQiz ur5gf]lo6Li ).@ b6nfl1k5\r2]XE4gj5\csb]m5 x7ml xs/4f5, Xszv9M[Jx6 trLA #$.! b6nflw5\r2]XE4gj5\csb]m5. Wq8i6Xs9li tyWE ) b6nw5 csb]m5 r2]XE4gu, x7m be6 S6gi6]Xu b6nfl4]b3NE/z mwa9li $&.) b6nsflw5\r2]XE4gj5\csb]m5.

 

vbZ6b3Fsiz

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x3]CAo]mj9o, yM8ix3F4 NlNw6yJ8Nc5bEK6 cktQ xWtQc5b3m]z5 x7ml c8i6tQc5b3m]z5 x7ml ms/stQiz s=?l xWtQizi. srs2 wlxi, xWirc5b6S6, ]s4]gtC]M6tA5 ^.(n8b]ubsZJ4Li. ryxio5bs6, mwaogx]Cz5 xWyv9Mc5bE9li vtYx6bw8NEA5tA5 !(.!n8b]ub.

 

xkEs2 wq3Ciz x7ml NrU3iz

xs/4f5 xrxi xkEZJ1i6XsK6, xkEtQ/sZJ1i6]X6 (.^ rlub\wv3Cb]m5. w[lxA5bs6, yMs2 w4]raiz xyYwq8i6ns1m5 xbs]y8Noi6ns9li skEgiz #.* rlub\wv3Cb]m5. sW3z4]n4f5 x7ml srx4]nu, xkEiq5 xf8i6h6S5 xs/4f5 x7ml srs4f5 xkEtQiE]hq8i %.) rlub{\wv3Cj5 x7ml ^.* rlub}\wv3Cj5.

 

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